MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS

Контрольное задание по дисциплине

«Иностранный язык в сфере юриспруденции»

Для студентов ЗФО

1 вариант А-К

2 вариант Л-С

3 вариант У-Я

Контрольная работа производится ПИСЬМЕННО!

В тетради 12-18 листов.

Сдается тетрадь на кафедру.

Вариант 1

1). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Present Continuous:

1. Sorry, what magazine are you looking through?

2. The people are MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS hurrying to the stadium to see the football match.

3. Are the children waiting for you at home?

2). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Past Continuous:

1. The sun was shining brightly and the sky was cloudless.

2. People of all kinds were listening or asking questions or making remarks and MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS sometime laughing at the speaker.

3. The trees were just bursting into leaf, fresh and green, and there were beds of flowers, red and yellow and blue.

4. Was it raining when you went outside?

5. What was Mrs. Wedbee wearing?

3). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS Future Continuous:

1. The actress will be giving her interview at 6 p.m.

2. We shall be waiting for you from 7 to 8 in the morning.

3. The Millers will be having a house-warming party tomorrow evening.

4. I think, it will be nice there.

4). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните модальные глаголы MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS либо их эквиваленты:

1. I remember about the work, but I'm not sure I'll be able to cope with it before Friday.

2. Could you give me Mr. Backfords telephone number?

3. He left his case somewhere so he had to return to the office to look for it

4. «The film MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS must be great», he said.

5). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните модальные глаголы, выражающие должен­ствование либо их эквиваленты:

1. The doctor says I should stay in bed for a few days.

2. Nick, you must come and see our new apartment.

3. He didn't have to repeat his question.

4. We'll have to MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS go there now because all the arrangements have already been done and the celebration is going to begin in some minutes.

6). Перепишите последующие глаголы, переведите их, образуйте от их причастие I (Participle I):

to associate to borrow

to think to rise

to graduate to defend

to get to obtain

to invite to improve

7). Перепишите MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS последующие причастия II. Укажите инфинитив глаголов, от которых они образованы, переведите его:

spoken – lain

maintained – denied

proved – left

relaxed – described

brought - offended

8). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Present Perfect:

1. - Has he ever been abroad? - Yes, he's been to Belgium, Canada and Sweden.

2. The students of our department have studied MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS Crime Detection for already a year.

3. The Whites have moved to a new comfortable apartment lately.

9). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Past Perfect:

1. The lawyer said that he had managed to win the case.

2. Everybody knew it was he who had committed this crime.

3. At MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS last Mary remembered where she had seen this man.

10). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Future Perfect:

1. Will you have taken all your exams by the end of January?

2. We'll have arrived in London by 3 p.m.

3. I suppose, he will have booked tickets MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS by that time.

11). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое. Укажите, в каком време­ни и залоге он употреблен:

1. The film «Titanic» is much spoken about.

2. In Stratford-on-Avon we saw the house where Shake­speare had been born.

3. - What mark have you got? -1 haven't yet been MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS examined.

4. His picture will have been finished by next month.

5. All these projects are being solved now.

12). Перепишите последующие сложноподчиненные предложения, переведите их. Укажите тип придаточного предложения. Подчеркните альянс либо союзное слово, вводящее придаточное предложение:

1. Mr. Bradley says that he likes Moscow very much.

2. Could you tell me where MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS you have put my papers? I can­not find them.

3. The man whom we spoke about yesterday has just en­tered the office.

13). Перепишите и письменно переведите текст «The US Constitution». Выучите последующие слова и словосочета­ния из текста:

the Constitution - конституция;

federal - федеральный;

government - правительство MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS;

the War of Independence - война за независимость;

the set of rules - свод правил;

Laws - законы;

regulations - постановления;

to provide - обеспечивать;

to unite - объединяться;

economic - экономический;

rebellion - восстание;

to set up - устанавливать;

amendment - поправка;

Preamble - преамбула;

The Bill of Rights - Билль о правах;

freedom of speech - свобода слова;

freedom of press MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS - свобода печати;

freedom of conscience - свобода совести;

to proclaim - провозглашать;

due process amendment - 5-я поправка «соблюдения за­конности».

THE US CONSTITUTION

The form of the US government is based on the Constitu­tion of September 17, 1787, adopted after the War of Independ­ence. A «constitution» in American political Language means the set MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS of rules, laws, regulations and customs which together pro-

vide the practical norms or standards regulating the work of the government

In the course of the War against Britain 13 states united un­der federal government. The newly formed federal republic had a very weak central control. The economic MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS situation in the country was very unstable. Inflation, taxes, bankruptcies aroused indig­nation among the farmers.

In the fall of 1786 an uprising took place in the state of Massachusetts. The rebellion was put down but that was a sign, which showed the ruling classes that they must set up a MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS strong system of national government

In 1787 the Constitutional Convention formulated a Con­stitution for the United States. The Constitution is, with some amendments, in force to this day. It consists of the Preamble, 7 articles and 26 amendments. The first ten of them called the Bill of Rights were adopted by the MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS Congress in December 1791.

The Bill enumerated what the government was not going to be allowed to do, which was an important democratic gain for the people.

Some of these 10 amendments are now unimportant, but others, especially the 5-th Amendment is still significant The 5-th (the due process amendment MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS) provides that «no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law and no person shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself».

Americans say that of all freedoms (freedom of speech, press, conscience) proclaimed in the Constitution there is only MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS one freedom-freedom to enterprise.


Вариант 2

1). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Present Continuous:

1. What is the assistant doing now? He's arranging the new furniture in the office.

2. My grandmother is watching the new teenagers' pro­gram now.

3. My studies are getting more MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS difficult but at the same time more interesting.

2). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Past Continuous:

1. When he came, we were just finishing the discussion.

2. I couldn't call you at two, because I was having visitors.

3. While the manager was talking on the phone, the secretary was getting MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS the documents ready.

4. He was meeting his British counterpart when we saw him at the airport.

5. John was looking through the morning mail when his boss called him.

3). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Future Continuous:

1. I'll be waiting for you near the underground station MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS. Don't be late.

2. Computers will be taking decisions for us in the future.

3. Don't phone me at seven. They'll be showing my favorite movie on TV, and I'll be watching.

4). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните модальные глаголы либо их эквиваленты:

1. Не had to stay MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS at home because he didn't feel well.

2. She won't be able to go there until Sunday.

3. I told him that he might use my books.

4. Could you book two airplane tickets for us?

5). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните модальные глаголы, выражающие должен­ствование либо их эквиваленты MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS:

1. Since our childhood we are taught what we ought to do and what we oughtn't.

2. - May I smoke here? - No, you mustn't.

3. You didn't have to complete that work within two days.

4. We'll have to put this theory into practice in future.

6). Перепишите последующие глаголы MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS, переведите их, образуйте от их причастие I (Participle I):

to defend to specify

to increase to stipulate

to testify to lend

to pay to lease

to bring to deliver

7). Перепишите последующие причастия II. Укажите инфи­нитив глаголов, от которых они образованы, переведите его:

transferred prescribed

operated postponed

built found

violated brought

broken acquired

8). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Present Perfect.

1. We cannot answer your fax at once. We have not taken a final decision yet.

2. They have recently solved this problem.

3. «Have you already introduced the new collaborator?» -the deputy asked.

9). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Past Perfect:

1. He had MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS come from a small town, and nobody had heard of him before.

2. When the fire brigade arrived, a large part of the building had been destroyed by the fire.

3. I didn't join you for lunch, because I'd had a snack in a cafe and wasn't MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS hungry.

10). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Future Perfect:

1. Will you have graduated from the college by the end of June?

2. I think, the contract will have been signed before the end of the week.

3. We'll have come up to the conclusion upon the MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS beginning of the discussion.

11). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое. Укажите, в каком време­ни и залоге он употреблен:

1. Не doesn't think the machine will be reliable.

2. I've got an appointment with Dr. Floyd at three o'clock in the afternoon, but I won MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS't be able to keep it, I'm afraid.

3. I hope, you won't have any trouble with the new car.

4. In my opinion the talks were just a waste of time.

5. Various problems of industry and agriculture were discussed at the meeting.

12). Перепишите последующие сложноподчиненные предложения, переведите их. Укажите MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS тип придаточного предложения. Подчеркните альянс либо союзное слово, вводящее придаточное предложение:

1. The man who rang you this morning didn't leave any message.

2. Can you tell me where the yesterday's mail is?

3. Can I speak to a representative of the firm, which sells these computers?

13). Перепишите и письменно переведите MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS текст «Main Concepts of American Business». Выучите последующие слова и словосочетания из текста:

profit - прибыль, доход;

private - личный, личный;

governmental - муниципальный;

share - акция, пай, толика;

shareholder - акционер, пайщик;

non-profit institutions - некоммерческие организации;

charitable - благотворительный;

competition - конкурентность;

responsibility - ответственность;

employee - работник, сотрудник.

MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS

«The business of MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS America is business», said President Cal­vin Coolidge (1923-1929) and these words remain true today. The principle aim of business is to make financial profit.

There exist in the United States two main kinds of business institutions - private and governmental. Private businesses in­clude large companies whose capital is represented in MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS shares, which are held by individual shareholders who earn dividends from their shares. In addition, there are non-profit institutions. These are called charitable organizations. Americans tend to have more respect for private businesses than for government agencies which they consider more bureaucratic.

Americans believe that in MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS private business they can express ideals of free competition, individual freedom and equality of opportunity. But many Americans understand that very often business does not live up to these principles. There are some problems in realizing the high ideals of fair business practice. One of them is unequal MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS starting opportunities. It is obviously easier for someone who already possesses considerable capital to begin a business venture than it is someone who does not. But nevertheless the legend of the poor boy who rises «from rags to riches», the entrepreneur who creates something out of nothing still exists in MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS America. The entrepreneur who loves individual freedom and independence from authority, who built the industrial riches of the nation is the symbol of hero businessman.

In the course of time a new type of businessman appeared This is the «organization man» who works within already estab­lished structure and is MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS at the top. But unlike the entrepreneur he shares responsibility with others. Though in America today the road to success lies often through established large business, the entrepreneurial ideal inspires many. A great number of small businesses exist in the USA today. There are a lot of companies with fewer MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS than 20 employees. These companies account 60% of American business. Today most Americans believe that the free-enterprise system based on profit - making is the one that best promotes welfare of the nation.


Вариант 3

1). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Present Continuous:

1. Excuse me, I am looking for MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS a phone box.

2. Look! Is it snowing outside?

3. The population of the world is rising very fast.

2). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Past Continuous:

1. We saw an accident when we were waiting for the bus.

2. The door of his room was open MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS; his mother was still standing at the window.

3. When her father came in she was siting before a red tea table, finishing a very good tea.

4. Next day, while he was shaving he cut himself slightly.

3). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Future Continuous:

1. Don't ring her MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS up at 12 o'clock. She will be writing a composition then.

2. Let's wait here; Tower Bridge will be opening in a min­ute to let that ship through.

3. At this time next week they will be sitting in the train on their way to Moscow.

4). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS их, подчеркните модальные глаголы либо их эквиваленты:

1. We tried hard but we couldn't persuade them.

2. The fishing boat sank, but fortunately the fisherman was able to swim to the shore.

3. «It must be an interesting discussion», said my col­league.

4. Last night Den suddenly became ill MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS. We had to call the doctor.

5). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните модальные глаголы, выражающие должен­ствование либо их эквиваленты:

1. A man should help his parents when they become old.

2. The girl had to take care other younger sister and brothers.

3. My parents were not at home and MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS I had to look after my little sister.

4. You must go or you will be late for the first lesson.

6). Перепишите последующие глаголы, переведите их, образуйте от их причастие I (Participle 1):

to sign to stay

to produce to sweep

to fly to shave

to stand to wear

to shoot to count

7). Перепишите последующие причастия II. Укажите инфинитив MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS глаголов, от которых они образованы, переведите его:

bought understood

fulfilled smelt

taken spread

taught sold

worn fallen

8). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Present Perfect:

1. Susan has мейд a new dress for her birthday party.

2. The sun has not risen yet, but the sky in the east is get­ting MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS lighter every minute.

3. Oh, how dark it is! A large black cloud has covered the sky.

9). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое в Past Perfect:

1. When John and I got to the theatre, the play had already started.

2. He understood the book only after he MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS had read it again.

3. His smile was something she had never seen before.

10). Перепишите предложения, переведите их, подчерк­ните глагол-сказуемое в Future Perfect.

1. I shall have written my composition by the time you come back.

2. We've got five days in St. Petersburg: we are leaving on Monday MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS; but I'm sure that we shall have seen everything of im­portance by then.

3. They will have done half of the journey when they reach the Volga.

11). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их, подчеркните глагол-сказуемое. Укажите в каком времени и в каком залоге он употреблен:

1. The lecturer was MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS listened to with great attention.

2. I heard that he had bought a new car.

3. - Have you ever spend your holidays in the Crimea? -Yes, Ann and I spent holidays in the Crimea two years ago.

4. I shall have done all my homework by the time he comes.

5. The clock is MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS being repaired now.

12). Перепишите последующие предложения, переведите их. Укажите тип придаточного предложения. Подчеркните союзы либо союзные слова, вводящие придаточные предло­жения:

1. Martha said that John always came home to lunch.

2. Could you tell me where I should pay for my purchase?

3. Some of the questions that were put to the lecturer MAIN CONCEPTS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS yes­terday were very important.

13). Перепишите и письменно переведите текст «The structure of the USA government». Выучите последующие слова и словосочетания:

subdivision - подразделение;

township-район;

judicial - судебная;

to be vested in - принадлежать;

majority of voters - большая часть голосов;

a resident - обитатель;

no matter - вне зависимости.


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